Star Hospital And Laparoscopic Surgical Center Star Hospital And Laparoscopic Surgical Center
The treatment of different problems of the urinary tract with the help of minimally access techniques is called Endo-urology.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is a surgical procedure to remove stones from the kidney by a small puncture wound (up to about 1 cm) through the skin. It is most suitable to remove stones of more than 2 cm in size and which are present near the pelvic region. It is usually done under general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia.
It is done with the help of a nephro-scope by directly entering the kidney under imaging control (X-ray guidence) .
Ureteroscopy (URS) involves the use of small telescopes that are inserted through the bladder and into the opening of the ureter. The telescope allows visualization of stones in the ureter and/or kidney. Depending on the size of the stone and the diameter of the ureter, the stone may be fragmented and/or removed.
Transurethral resection of the prostate (commonly known as a TURP, plural TURPs, and rarely as a transurethral prostatic resection, TUPR) is a urological operation. It is used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). As the name indicates, it is performed by visualising the prostate through the urethra and removing tissue by electrocautery or sharp dissection. This is considered the most effective treatment for BPH. This procedure is done with spinal or general anaesthetic.
When someone is found to have a tumor in the bladder, it needs to be resected (scraped out). This is done using a special telescope called a resectoscope. Many times the only treatment that is necessary is having the tumor resected.
Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) allows the surgeon to do surgery inside the kidney without making an incision. The instrument for RIRS enters through the body's natural opening, through the bladder and the ureter, into the kidney.
RIRS is used for patients with stones in the kidney, narrowing of the outlet of the kidney or within the kidney (strictures) and tumors in the kidney. The RIRS is an outpatient procedure using local, intravenous or general anesthesia.